The Health Impact of Gaslighting
Counselling and Psychotherapy in Scotland, Moray


Gaslighting, a form of psychological manipulation, affects an individual’s emotional well-being and has profound implications for physical health. The insidious nature of gaslighting can lead to chronic stress, anxiety, and other health complications. In this blog, we will explore the health impact of gaslighting, shedding light on the connection between psychological abuse and physical well-being.

  1. Chronic Stress and the HPA Axis: Gaslighting subjects victims to chronic stress, triggering the body’s stress response system, known as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The constant psychological manipulation and emotional turmoil disrupt the normal functioning of this axis, leading to the dysregulation of stress hormones, such as cortisol. Prolonged exposure to heightened cortisol levels can harm the immune system, cardiovascular health, and overall physiological balance.
  2. Mental Health Disorders: Gaslighting can contribute to developing or exacerbating various mental health disorders. Victims may experience anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or complex trauma. The constant invalidation, self-doubt, and emotional turmoil inflicted by gaslighters can significantly impact a person’s mental well-being, leading to long-lasting psychological consequences.
  3. Physical Symptoms: Gaslighting can manifest in physical symptoms, often referred to as psychosomatic symptoms. The mind-body connection is strong, and emotional distress can manifest as physical pain or discomfort. Common physical symptoms experienced by gaslighting victims may include headaches, gastrointestinal issues, chronic pain, insomnia, fatigue, and decreased immune function. The stress-induced physiological changes can contribute to the onset or worsening of these physical ailments.
  4. Self-Image and Body Image: Gaslighting erodes a person’s self-esteem and distorts their self-image. Constant criticism, manipulation, and invalidation can lead to negative body image and self-perception. This negative self-image can contribute to disordered eating patterns, body dysmorphia, or a strained relationship with food and exercise. Gaslighting’s impact on self-esteem extends beyond emotional well-being and affects how individuals view and care for their physical bodies.
  5. Long-Term Health Consequences: The long-term effects of gaslighting can be significant. Prolonged exposure to chronic stress, anxiety, and emotional abuse can increase the risk of developing chronic health conditions. Studies have linked chronic stress to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, immune disorders, and cognitive decline. Gaslighting’s influence on the body’s stress response system can contribute to these health issues over time.
  6. Healing and Recovery: Recognising gaslighting as a form of abuse is essential for healing and recovery. Seeking support from therapists, support groups, or loved ones can provide validation and help victims rebuild their self-esteem and sense of self. Developing coping mechanisms, practising self-care, and engaging in stress-reduction techniques such as mindfulness and relaxation can aid physical and emotional healing.

Beyond its profound impact on emotional well-being, gaslighting can severely affect physical health. The chronic stress, mental health disorders, physical symptoms, and long-term health implications are alarming. Raising awareness, providing support, and promoting healing is crucial in addressing the health impact of gaslighting. Remember, your experiences are valid, and prioritising your well-being is essential for recovery and reclaiming a healthier, happier life.